stained glass made perfect course

Essential Equipment for Leaded Stained Glass

This isn’t a leaded stained glass tools wish list, that would be far longer! This page introduces you to the essential stained glass tools for the lead came technique and helps you decide which ones you really need.

Stained Glass Kits

If you don’t want to choose and buy each item individually you can always buy a starter kit. Ready-made stained glass kits make the whole process easy and are a great choice if you’re just starting up.

There are different starter kits for Copper Foil and Leaded Stained Glass methods so make sure you choose the correct one. If you’re not sure which you need, you can read my review of each and find the best one for you here.

Glass Cutting Tools

  1. Glass Cutter
    I’d recommend an oil-filled cutter for all kits, simply because I don’t like the cutting stained glass without oil. They’ve all got the same tungsten carbide wheels, but I’d recommend Toyo cutters. I’ve used mine for years. (If you’re a fuser, it’s best not to use oil as it leaves greasy marks which can fire in permanently.)There are different shape cutters to suit different people. If you have trouble applying pressure with a pen-shaped cutter, you could try a pistol grip cutter.
glass cutter with grozer pliers and green glass
Grozer Pliers and Pencil Cutter
  1. Grozing Pliers or Breaker/Grozers
    These pliers are specifically made for making stained glass. They  remove any splinters of glass after the score line has been broken, or eat into sharply angled curves.
  2. Safety Goggles
    A common but essential item in all stained glass kits.
  3. Grinder
    You can get away without a stained glass grinder if you are using the leaded stained glass construction method, as the lead came covers the edge of the glass and gives you a bit more leeway for error. Grinders DO make life easier though, and I would recommend one if your budget stretches to it. If you’re not sure which grinder go for, there are some grinder recommendations here.

Leading Up Tools

  1. Lead Knife

    Your leaded stained glass tools kit has to include a lead knife so that you can cut and shape the lead came to size.

    leaded stained glass cactus
    Shape your stained glass lead came with a lead knife

    These knives nicely weighted to bang in the horseshoe nails and they cut the came accurately. Keep them sharp for best results. You can also buy lead nippers, which are more like pliers. They’re easier to use and great for all  but the very long, thin angles.

  2. Fid
    This is an extremely useful, cheap plastic tool and essential for making leaded stained glass. It opens up the lead came before leading and presses them down after cementing. You can read more about it here.
  3. Lead Stretcher or Vice
    Holds the end of your 6ft lead came firmly so that you can stretch it before leading.

    There’s lots of expensive alternatives, but the most basic lead stretcher does the job of holding your lead while you stretch it. Just place the end of the lead came in the serrated jaws and pull with pliers.

  4. Lead Came
    Comes in 6ft lengths or in spools. There are lots of different widths so choose carefully to suit your design.

    Be creative with your choice of lead came. Have a look at all the different widths and profiles available and choose the best one for making your panel stand out.

Tools for Soldering Leaded Stained Glass 

  1. Soldering Irons
    You need at least a 100-watt soldering iron. They’re light, safe, flexible and – best of all – thermostatically controlled if you buy one 100 watt or above.This is an expensive and essential part of all stained glass kits, and worth spending some time thinking about. I have written  a review page on the best soldering irons here if you are thinking of buying one.

    stain glass solder tools
    Heating solder over the lead joint
  2. Flux
    Use a flux – either a paste flux or tallow – to ensure the solder runs smoothly and sticks to the lead. This is essential, the solder will just roll off the lead if you don’t use it.
  3. Solder
    Solder that’s 60% lead and 40% tin is standard for copper foil work and 50/50 is best for lead came work. Of course, you can solder lead with 60/40 too. It’s all to do with melting temperatures. The 60/40 runs smoothly and lends itself to foiling.

Cementing And Polishing Tools

  1. Black Cement or Leaded Light Cement
    This is the putty that you put under the lead came to make your panel strong and waterproof. You can save yourself a great deal of mess by buying ready-made black cement, or find out how to mix your own cheaply from my how to stain glass cementing tutorial here.
  2. Whiting Powder
    cleaning green glass flower panel
    Using whiting to brush off black cement

    Some people use sawdust – or talcum powder in times of dire need – but whiting powder (chalk dust) is the best. It doesn’t smell and cleans the black cement off brilliantly.
    Use a mask when you’re using this.
    Simply sprinkle the whiting powder on after you’ve pressed the putty under the lead. Use a brush and a bit of elbow grease to remove all the mess. It’s surprising how quickly it soaks it all up.

  3. Grate Polish. L
    Use a standard shoe brush to apply polish and blacken your lead came. This finishes your work off beautifully.

Suppliers Of Kits and Stained Glass Tools

Any outlet that sells stained glass art supplies will stock these essential tools. If there isn’t a store near you don’t worry, as there are many online stained glass suppliers that will ship all over the world.

I’ve always found Amazon to stock everything and be very reliable and prompt. They stock just about everything you could possibly think of. The only down side is trying not to resist all the unnecessary delights available! If you stick to the list above you should be ok.

Helpful Resources

So now you know what tools are needed to make up a decent stained glass kit you might want to have a look at my free how to make stained glass tutorials. They start right from the beginning and take you through each step, with useful photos and videos.

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stained glass made perfect course