Painting Trace Lines

Outlining Your Design

Stain glass painting opens up an exciting number of options for you. Once you get the hang of it you’ll be able to add detail, texture and colour to your stained glasswork.

stain glass painting brushes

Starting with line work is best, especially for beginners, as it can be fired first to give you a permanent reference point for the matting (or shading) that you do later.

Stain Glass Painting

What you need- painting checklist

Palette, Palette knife, Water, Paint, Gum Arabic, Pipette, Painting brushes – the thin brushes are known as ‘tracing brushes’ – size 3&5 are good for beginners, A light box, Bridge or armrest.

1 Cleaning your glass

Glass paint will gather in blobs if the glass is dirty or greasy. You can clean it with rubbing alcohol – isopropyl is the best cleaning agent. Almost as good is a smear of your mixed paint on a tissue and rubbed over your glass.

2 Getting the consistency right

painting lines on glass

– Add some water to the edge of your mixed paint until it’s the consistency of thick evaporated milk.

– It’s crucial to get this right – my students often try to start glass painting with paint that’s too dry and find that they run out of paint or their lines are uneven.

– Too thick an application will result in blobby paint that blisters in the firing. Too thin and it fires off.

3 Start stain glass painting

Traditionally people did their tracing (line work) by following a what was called a ‘cartoon’ under their glass, but this may not suit you if you work in a more spontaneous manner.

– Charge the brush by twirling it around in the paint.

– Hold the brush in a perpendicular position gently between forefinger and thumb and rest your palm on the bridge.

– Off you go! Don’t expect to get it right first time, it takes time to get used to stain glass painting.

– Try pressing lightly and using just the tip of the brush.

– Then try moving the brush quickly and slowly, to get an idea of the different marks you can make.

using brush for line work

This photo shows artist Mark Angus using the whole length of the brush to make a stroke.

– Have a go at that too. See how far you can go without running out of paint.

– As water dries quickly, you’ll have to learn to keep going until you’ve finished – once the paint has dried it’s difficult to seamlessly add to it with wet stain glass paint.

4 Correct or enhance paint lines with a needle

using a needle to scrape paint

– You can easily tidy up lines with a needle pressed into a brush handle.

– You can work into your lines with a needle to enhance your stain glass painting.

– You can really have fun with this – scratch patterns in or add detail – for example making hair ‘hairier’.

5 Final clean

Greasy fingerprints will fire in permanently, so you need to make sure your glass is free of them and any unwanted smears of paint. You’re now ready to do your initial firing.

6 Firing your stain glass

Assuming it’s simple paint mixed with water, I’d recommend the following kiln firing schedule:

Segment 1. 570F/300C per hour to 1220F/660C (matt finish) – 1250F/675C (shiny finish). Soak 5 mins.
Segment 2. Full to 1040F/560C. Soak 5 mins.
Segment 3. 50F/10C per hour to 986F/530C. No soak. Off.

Helpful Resources

This is a really good 5 minute video that takes you through the whole process of stain glass painting a face.

It might be a bit off-putting as it’s quite a difficult subject, but you could try using the techniques on an easier drawing first.


Video of traditional stain glass painting

Once you’re happy with your line (or tracing) work, and have fired them permanently, you can move on to Blending Paint.

If you are just getting started there is this Peter Mcgrain Deluxe Paint Starter Kit on Amazon

 

14 thoughts on “Painting Trace Lines”

  1. Hi I am relatively new to glass painting and my pieces come out very splotchy and some areas are dark other areas look light and some are bubbly. Is there a way to send you a photo of my pieces? Maybe you can help figure out the problem. I’m sure it’s probably something to do with mixing my paint. Thanks

    Reply
    • It sounds as if you might be firing it too high if it’s bubbling. Too much heat can also cause the paint to fire away. Or not enough binder. I hope that helps, Milly.

      Reply
  2. Hi
    Thanks for your useful website. I am a complete beginner with painting glass and using a kiln. I just bought an Olympic kiln , I have painted some pieces of glass with black reusche paint then scratched designs in using the sgrafitto technique . Now I need to fire them but don’t know which schedule to use . The paint supplier recommends rapid initial heat 9999c to 680c and hold for 5 mins then let it cool to room temperature. Sorry for my ignorance but does that mean I just need 3 segments ? Many thanks for your help.

    Reply
    • ooh lovely, Reusche paint :-). What you’re describing is 2 segments – the heating up (Full to 680) and soaking (5 mins, top temp). ‘Letting it cool’ means turning the controller off – as it doesn’t have a job of slowing down the cool. Hope that makes sense.
      The more complex firings are always associated with fusing or casting – lots of ramping up, controlling the descent and soaking at various stages.

      Reply
  3. Am going to try painting on glass using Reusche tracing black and bistre brown. For it to be fired, can any thickness glass be used? Thinking of using a 3mm piece. Would the schedule above need adjusting? Seem like ‘silly’ questions to ask but if you could advise, I’d be most grateful. Up for experimenting but obviously they’re very expensive experiments! Thank you.

    Reply
    • It’s a good question Gino. Yes, any standard glass thicknesses are okay at this temperature – 3-6mm. Good luck.

      Reply
    • Good question Sheila. It’s regular art glass, not fusible. You can fire any glass but can only FUSE compatible glass. The firing of paint pigment is very low compared to that of fusing – 600-650 C – and I’m firing single pieces, not fusing them together. I hope that explains it.

      Reply
      • I had the same question. I have a kiln and can fire painted stained glass pieces. Can you give me a rough ballpark for a firing schedule?
        Cynthy Roethel

        Reply
  4. I am very much a beginner in stained glass but am willing to try anything new. I love it! I use the foil method.I want to make a monarch butterfly as part of an 18 inch round panel.My concern is how to make the white dots on the black parts of the bug. Should I paint them or use frit and attempt to fire them in?

    Reply
    • White paint is probably your best best at this stage unless you have a kiln and know about fusing glass and compatibility issues? You can get semi-permanent paint which fires in a domestic oven.
      I love your ‘go for it’ approach Terry!

      Reply
  5. I fired some Heusche RE1333 red for flesh on flesh colored stain glass at 570 degrees F / hour up to 1250F, held for 5 minutes then lowered down to 1040F, held for 5 minutes, lowered to 986F, no hold, and then cooled as fast as possible. The paint is severely faded. I painted one piece over again and fired again at 1200F. Same problem. I am using a large Paragon pottery kiln with a Sentry 2.0 controller. Any ideas why my paint is fading?

    Reply
    • I think 1250F is too hot as a top temperature Joseph. But then I see you’ve tested at my recommended temperature – 1202F (650C) – and are still having the same problem.
      Fading normally does relate to the kiln being too hot, so you could do some test pieces reducing the heat until you find the correct top temperature for the combination of your kiln, the glass and pigment. You might also try going up to 932F / 500C slowly and then As Fast As Possible to the top temperature. The slower your ramp is to top temperature, the more exposure to heat the stained glass paint receives on the way up.
      You can also try without a soak at top temperature to reduce the amount of heat – lots of options and variations!
      There’s always a degree of testing to be done to find the optimum individual firing schedule I find. Good luck.

      Reply

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